Heterogeneous Adjustments of Employment to Automation Technologies: Evidence from Manufacturing Industries in European Regions

Tommaso Ciarli, Florencia Jaccoud, Fabien Petit

EconPol Forum 23 (5), 24-28

  • Employment adjustments to automation vary across industries, regions, technologies, and time
  • Technological penetration of robots is related to higher employment within the industry in low-tech regions in the short run
  • Robots are negatively correlated to employment in knowledge-intensive regions
  • Regional heterogeneity in employment adjustment to robots is not driven by industry composition
  • High-tech industries adjust employment to ICT penetration faster than low-tech industries