In work package 1 we take stock of and build on existing theories and analyses of the impact of technology, trade and industrial transformations across regions on labour markets (employment and wages); we analyse how technology, trade and industrial transformation specifically affect labour mobility and migration.
Work package 1 will empirically ground the following dynamics:
The main aim of this work package is to analyse the effectiveness of (past and existing) education and training systems in preparing workers to cope with changing skill demands due to technology, global value chains, and industrial transformations. In doing so, this work package sheds light on how workers adapt to technology-induced or trade-induced challenges, for instance, by participating in (re-)training or by switching to other occupations.
Work package 2 more specifically will shed light on the following points:
In this work package we will provide a scenario of how technological change is likely to shape future labour markets. We will identify the science, technology and innovation areas related to Industry 4.0 that are most likely to emerge and improve in the next few years. By combining quatitative and qualitative methods this workpackage will create a validated dataset on industry exposure to emerging automation technologies in Industry 4.0.
In this work package we will:
We outline the future dynamics in industries and occupations, and their effect on the future geography of industries and occupations in Europe. Further, we study how the effect of automation spreads across the globe through global value chains (GVCs), and how this affects differentially industries, locations, and occupations in Europe.
This work package focusses on:
The goal of this work package is to predict future trends of demand for occupations and skills based on fine grained, high frequency data on job vacancies. We analyse online job vacancies through AI algorithms to predict and identify the factors that affect the demand for skills. We then estimate how emerging automation technologies identified in work package 3 may change the demand of skills and occupations in the future.
In particular the work package aims to:
Work package 6 is meant to act as a catalyst between work packages 1 to 5, on the one side, and work package 7, on the other side. As these work packages focus on how technology, trade and demand for skills has changed and is likely to change in the future, this work package focuses on how policy can best support these changes.
By combining the results from the research conducted in work packages 1-6 we will support the process of co-designing policies for inclusive labour markets. This work package will thereby aim to serve as a bridge between the Horizon-funded research and (future) policy-making. Through engagement with policy stakeholders, we seek opportunities for the lessons learned about the impact of technological changes on the labour market to be incorporated in inclusive policy-making.
More specifically, in this work package we will: