Is Working from Home Here to Stay? A Look at 35 Million Job Ads

Jean-Victor Alipour, Christina Langer and Layla O’Kane

ifo Institute, Munich, 2021, CESifo Forum 22 (6), 41-46


We analyze the prevalence of working from home (WfH) in Germany using more than 35 million online job advertisements from 2014 to 2021. While a WfH option was rare in job ads before the crisis, the Covid-19 shock led to an unprecedented WfH boom. At the same time, regional, occupational, and sectoral inequalities in access to WfH have decreased during the pandemic. We also document a higher demand for digital skills, teamwork, and adaptability in job ads with a WfH option. We conclude with an outlook for the future of WfH.